India’s imports from OPEC at all-time low as demand for Russian oil goes up

Oil producers cartel OPEC’s share in India’s oil imports fell to an all-time low of 46 per cent in April as purchases of cheaper Russian oil peaked, business information confirmed.

Group of the Petroleum Exporting Nations (OPEC) nations, primarily within the Center East and Africa, had a 72 per cent share of all crude oil India imported in April 2022.

This share slid to 46 per cent in April 2023, based on power cargo tracker Vortexa.

OPEC made up for as a lot as 90 per cent of all crude oil India imported at one level of time however this has been sliding since Russian oil grew to become obtainable at low cost within the aftermath of Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine in February final 12 months.

Russia continued to be the one largest provider of crude oil, which is transformed into petrol and diesel at refineries, for a seventh straight month by supplying greater than one-third of all oil India imported.

The imports from Russia at the moment are greater than mixed purchases from Iraq and Saudi Arabia – India’s largest suppliers within the final decade.

From a market share of lower than 1 per cent in India’s import basket earlier than the beginning of the Russia-Ukraine battle in February 2022, Russia’s share of India’s imports rose to 1.67 million barrels per day in April, taking a 36 per cent share.

OPEC equipped 2.1 million barrels per time out of 4.6 million bpd oil India imported in April. This gave it a 46 per cent share, based on Vortexa.

Indian refiners up to now hardly ever purchased Russian oil on account of excessive freight prices however now they’re snapping up plentiful Russian cargo obtainable at a reduction to different grades as some Western nations rejected it due to Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine.

The purchases from Russia in March have been double of 0.81 million barrels per day (bpd) of oil purchased from Iraq, which had been India’s prime oil provider since 2017-18. Saudi Arabia has been pushed all the way down to No.3 spot with 0.67 million bpd provides.

Month-on-month, purchases from Russia rose marginally from 1.64 million bpd of oil imported from the nation in March. The UAE, which in March overtook the US to turn into the fourth largest provider, bought 185,000 bpd, increased than 119,000 bpd oil sourced from the US.

“India’s imports of Russian crude in April have set a brand new file as soon as once more, however the month-on-month improve has slowed and will probably be peaking this month,” stated Vortexa’s head of Asia-Pacific evaluation, Serena Huang.

Elevated competitors for Urals from China will seemingly put a lid on upsides to India’s imports of Russian crude.

“OPEC’s crude market share in India has fallen to 46 per cent final month, down from 72% a 12 months in the past, a multi-year low. OPEC might face an uphill battle in profitable again the market share as refiners will finally be going for the crude that provides the best margin, exterior of fulfilling their time period contracts,” Huang stated.

Russia is promoting file quantities of crude oil to India to plug the hole in its power exports after the European Union banned imports in December.

In December, the EU banned Russian seaborne oil and imposed a USD 60-per-barrel value cap, which prevents different nations from utilizing EU transport and insurance coverage providers, except oil is bought under the cap. Trade officers stated Indian refiners are utilizing the UAE’s dirham to pay for oil that’s imported at a value decrease than USD 60.

Based on Vortexa, India imported simply 68,600 bpd of oil from Russia in March 2022 and this 12 months the purchases have jumped to 1,678,000 bpd.

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Up to date: 07 Could 2023, 01:57 PM IST